August 31, 2009
The Flag of Kentucky was originally adopted in 1918 and was finalized in its present form in 1928. The flag is a relatively simple design; it is made up of little more than the seal of Kentucky placed upon a field of blue. Unbeknown to most, Kentucky is not officially classified as a state in the United States of America. Kentucky is a commonwealth, just as is Pennsylvania, Virginia and Massachusetts.
The Flag of Kentucky was originally designed by an art teacher named Jesse Cox who resided in Frakfort, Kentucky. In the center of Mr. Cox’s flag is the seal of the Commonwealth of Kentucky. Depicted in the Commonwealth’s seal are two men who appear to be shaking hands. By most accounts, the man on the left of the seal is meant to be Daniel Boone, who was most responsible for exploring Kentucky. On the right stands who is believed to be Henry Clay, Kentucky’s most famous statesman. Officially, however, the seal is meant to symbolize all frontiersmen and statesmen, rather than anyone specific. Encircling the two men on the seal are the words “United We Stand, Divided We Fall”, with “United We Stand” positioned on top and “Divided We Fall” on the bottom. These words are derived from “The Liberty Song”, which was a popular patriotic song during the American Revolution.
Around the entire seal on the Kentucky Flag sit the words “Commonwealth of Kentucky” on top, along with a peculiar design on the bottom. At first glance, the design at the bottom looks utterly meaningless, but it does indeed have a bit of symbolism attached. The design is meant to represent the Goldenrod, the state flower of the state of Kentucky. The Kentucky Flag was officially recognized as the state’s flag on March 26, 1918 by the Kentucky General Assembly.
August 28, 2009
The Maryland Flag was voted one of the top 10 flags in all of the United States and Canada by the North American Vexillogical Association in 2001. The flag was originally flown in 1880, however, it was not officially adopted until much later on March 9, 1904. The Maryland Flag is the only flag of any state in the United States of America to be based upon British Heraldry, as it is based upon the banner of George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore.
The Marylang Flag is split up into four quadrants, with two sets of designs. The black and gold design on the flag is based upon the coat of arms of the Calvert family. The banner was originally given to George Calvert in reward for storming a castle in battle. In the black and gold design of the Maryland Flag, a few vertical bars can be noticed – representative of the bars of the palisade from Calvert’s battle.
The red and white design on the Maryland flag is actually another depiction of a coat of arms – it represents the coat of arms of the Crossland family. The Crossland family was the family of George Calvert’s mother, and since his mother was an heiress, Calvert was allowed to use both coats of arms in his banner.
The current flag of Maryland was originally flown on October 11, 1880 at a celebration marking the 150th anniversary of the founding of the city of Baltimore. The Maryland Flag was not however officially adopted as the state’s flag until some 24 years later in 1904. One interesting note about the Maryland Flag is that the state of Maryland is the only flag that has specific guidelines not only about the flag itself, but also guidelines as to how the flagpole should look as well.
August 27, 2009
The Flag of Kansas was originally adopted in 1927, and contains one of the most interesting, yet simple designs of any American state flag. The Kansas Flag is made up of a depiction of the Great Seal of Kansas emblazoned atop a blue background, with the image of a sunflower above and the name of the state positioned directly below.
The Kansas Flag was originally designed in the year 1925; however, it would not be officially adopted until two years later in 1927 by the Kansas State Legislature. In the two years between the flag’s design and its adoption, the state of Kansas flew a state banner rather than a flag.
At that time, the Kansas State Banner depicted a design very similar to today’s Kansas State Flag. The Kansas State Banner consisted of the image of a large sunflower and the word “Kansas” placed atop a blue field. Interestingly enough, the Kansas State Banner was originally intended to be hung from a horizontal bar instead of a traditional flag pole. The Kansas State Banner was given a very unique design that was meant to avoid “competition” with the flag of the United States of America. However, the banner was actually rejected for display in Washington, DC, due in part to the flag’s awkward method of hanging.
It was during this time that the Kansas State Legislature began the creation of a new flag for the state. Shortly thereafter, the legislature adopted today’s Kansas Flag, which features many of the same features as the original banner as well as the word “Kansas” on the bottom. Also, the Great Seal of the State of Kansas was added to the center of the flag. Since its original creation, the Flag of Kansas has remained the same, except for the addition of the word “Kansas” in 1961.
August 26, 2009
The Flag of Indiana was originally designed and created by a man named Paul Hadley. The flag was officially adopted on May 31st, 1917 and interestingly enough, the Indiana Flag has remained completely unchanged ever since.
The design of the flag is a bit peculiar- the Indiana Flag is very much unlike any other flag in the American Union. The flag depicts a torch burning, emblazoned atop a blue background. Around the torch are a number of stars – 13 in the outer ring of stars, and 19 stars in total. The outer ring of stars on the Indiana Flag is meant to symbolize of course the 13 original American Colonies. There are a total of 19 stars on the entire flag, which is representative of the idea that Indiana was the 19th state to enter into the United States of America. There are also a number of rays projecting from the torch, which were originally intended to symbolize Indiana’s far-reaching influence. The torch itself is meant to symbolize liberty and enlightenment, and placed directly about the torch sits the name of the state, “INDIANA”.
The Flag of Indiana was originally created in large part due to the celebration of the state’s centennial anniversary, when the Indiana General Assembly issued a resolution to create and adopt a state flag. Until this time, the state of Indiana did not yet have a flag to call its own. A contest was adopted and sponsored by the Daughers of the American Revolution, at the request of the Indiana lawmakers. More than two hundred submissions were received for consideration by the Daughters, and upon further examination, Paul Hadley’s flag was chosen to be the winner. The flag of Indiana was officially adopted the very next year by the state’s lawmakers on May 31, 1917.
August 24, 2009
by Stacey Patrick
The Illinois Flag was originally designed by Lucy Derwint in 1912, and it consists of a very simple yet straightforward design. The background of the flag is solid white, and placed directly in the center, just as with many other state flags, sits the Great Seal of Illinois.
The Illinois Flag was designed in the year 1912; however, it did not actually become the official state flag until a few years later in 1915. The flag was originally created in response to a contest held by the Daughters of the American Revolution. The contest was intended, of course, to have participants create potential designs for the Illinois Flag, a state that up until that time did not officially have its own banner.
The Great Seal of Illinois, which is emblazoned upon the flag, features an eagle perched upon a rock holding a banner with the words “State Sovereignty” and “National Union”. The words “State Sovereignty” are placed below “National Union”, and interestingly enough, the word “Sovereignty” is intentionally written backwards, making it more difficult to read. Below the eagle on the seal sit the words “Aug. 26th 1818”, which marks the day that the first constitution was adopted in the state.
The eagle is perched upon a grey rock, and on the rock appear two very important dates in Illinois history. The years “1818” and “1868” are displayed on the rock. In 1818, Illinois officially became a state, while 1868 marks the year that the Great Seal of Illinois was originally created. The name of the state, “ILLINOIS” sits directly beneath the Great Seal of Illinois on the flag. The flag of Illinois was finally passed through the House and Senate of Illinois on July 6, 1915.
August 21, 2009
The Flag of Maine was originally created and approved in the year 1909. Since then, the flag has remained completely unchanged. The flag consists of an interesting design, made up of little more than the Maine Coat of Arms placed upon a blue background. The exact colors for the Coat of Arms have never been specified; however, the blue background has officially been determined to be the same blue as on the US flag.
Interestingly enough, the state of Maine was actually and enclave of Massachusetts until the year 1820. As a result of Maine’s sudden growth in population, it became the 23rd state in on March 15th, 1820, due in part to the Missouri Compromise.
In the center of the Maine Flag sit the Maine Coat of Arms. The coat of arms is a peculiar design. On the left of the coat of arms stands a farmer, resting on a scythe. On the right sits a seaman, resting on an anchor. Above the two men sits a star (the North Star) along with the word “DIRIGO”. Dirigo (I lead), is the official state motto of Maine. Below the entire design, just as with many other state flags, sits the name of the state – “MAINE”, written in bold large letters.
At first glance, the flag of Maine doesn’t appear to have any major defining characteristics that make it stand out from other flags. Due to the plainness in design of the Maine Flag, the flag was actually voted one of the worst designs of any flag in North America by the North American Vexillogical Association in 2001. Out of 72 flags surveyed in Canada and the United States, the Maine Flag was voted 13th worst.
August 20, 2009
The Union Flag is also known as the Union Jack. The flag is the national flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Other nations use some version of the Union Jack in their state flags. They are:
Additionally, you can find the Union Jack on the state flag of Hawaii and on both the 1910-1928 and 1928-1994 flags of South Africa.
Current Flag Days in the UK – Union Flag should be flown on government buildings:
- January 20 – Birthday of the Countess of Wessex
- February 6 – Anniversary of the accession of Queen Elizabeth II
- February 19 – Birthday of the Duke of York
- Second Sunday in March – Commonwealth Day
- March 10 – Birthday of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
- April 21 – Birthday of Queen Elizabeth II
- May 9 – Europe Day
- June 2 – Anniversary of the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II
- June (no fixed date) – Official Birthday of Queen Elizabeth II
- July 17 – Birthday of the Duchess of Cornwall
- August 15 – Birthday of the Princess Royal
- Second Sunday in November – Remembrance Sunday
- November 14 – Birthday of the Prince of Wales
- November 20 – Anniversary of the Wedding of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
Additionally, the Union flag should be flow in the following places on the specific days:
- March 1 – Wales, for St. David’s Day
- March 17 – Northern Ireland for St. Patrick’s Day
- April 23 – England for St. George’s Day
- September 3 – Scotland for Merchant Navy Day
- The Day of the Opening of a Session of the Houses of Parliament, Greater London
- The Day of the Prorogation of a Session of the Houses of Parliament, Greater London