State Flags – New Hampshire

NHNew Hampshire, tucked away in the very upper right hand corner of the US, is the ninth state in the United States. Becoming a state on June 21, 1788, it is the 46th largest state in the United States.This state is near Maine, Massachusetts, and Vermont, plus it is also nearby to Canada.Portsmouth

Although the state flag for New Hampshire was designed in 1784, it was not adopted until 1909. The state flag of New Hampshire consists of a blue background and it features the state seal. Inside the seal has a ship sailing towards a large granite rock on clear blue waters. Behind the ship is a rising sun just below the horizon. Surrounding the seal is the words “Seal of the State of New Hampshire, 1776” along with yellow stars and laurel leaves circling outside.

MasonNew Hampshire got its name when it was named after the English county of Hampshire. It was named by a man named John Mason, who lived in Hampshire, England, as a child. He invested very heavily in this new land, clearing land and building houses in New Hampshire, but had died before he was able to even see his new land.

Nickname: The state’s nickname is “The Granite State” due to the fact that most of the mountains are made of granite.

Size Matters! This state is so small in size that there is only one area code for the entire state!

More Flag Fun: The largest American flag in the US was made in this state in 1914, measuring at 90 feet long and 50 feet high!

Flag of England: The St. George Cross

The English St. George’s cross was adopted in the 16th century. The flag is rectangular and features a red cross on a white background.  The flag has been an emblem of England since the Middle Ages and the Crusade era.  The modern British flag, although embellished with a blue background and other red stripes, still contains this basic red cross.

Saint George (ca. 275-April 23, 303) was a Roman soldier and priest and is now a Christian martyr.  He is one of the most venerated saints in the Catholic, Anglican, Eastern, Orthodox, and Oriental Orthodox churches.  The Legend of Saint George took place in “Silene,” where a plague-bearing dragon lived in a large pond.  To keep the dragon from attacking, the townspeople fed the dragon sheep, but when the sheep failed they drew lots to feed the dragon someone’s child.  The lot fell on the king’s daughter.  As the daughter stood by the pond, dressed as a bride to be fed to the dragon, Saint George rode past, tamed the dragon and saved the king’s daughter.  The king’s daughter and Saint George brought the dragon into the village where Saint George told the townspeople that he would slay the dragon if everyone agreed to become baptized Christians.  The townspeople consented, Saint George slew the dragon, and the king built a church on the site of the dragon’s death.

During the Crusades, the English flag was a white cross on red while the French flag was a red cross on white.  During a meeting between Henry II of England and Philip II of France in 1188, the two powers agreed to exchange flags.  Adoption of the exchange was not unified; however, some French continued to carry the red cross on the white background and this red cross became the typical symbol of the Crusade.

St. George’s flag is flown at the Church of England and also at sporting events, particularly during cricket and rugby matches.  The City of London flies the St. George Cross with a red sword in the upper left corner.  The Royal Navy also flies the St. George Cross with the modern British flag in the upper left corner.

The Union Flag

The Union Flag is also known as the Union Jack. The flag is the national flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Union Flag

Other nations use some version of the Union Jack in their state flags. They are:

Additionally, you can find the Union Jack on the state flag of Hawaii and on both the 1910-1928 and 1928-1994 flags of South Africa.

Current Flag Days in the UK  – Union Flag should be flown on government buildings:

  • January 20 – Birthday of the Countess of Wessex
  • February 6 – Anniversary of the accession of Queen Elizabeth II
  • February 19 – Birthday of the Duke of York
  • Second Sunday in March – Commonwealth Day
  • March 10 – Birthday of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
  • April 21 – Birthday of Queen Elizabeth II
  • May 9 – Europe Day
  • June 2 – Anniversary of the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II
  • June (no fixed date) – Official Birthday of Queen Elizabeth II
  • July 17 – Birthday of the Duchess of Cornwall
  • August 15 – Birthday of the Princess Royal
  • Second Sunday in November – Remembrance Sunday
  • November 14 – Birthday of the Prince of Wales
  • November 20 – Anniversary of the Wedding of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh

Additionally, the Union flag should be flow in the following places on the specific days:

  • March 1 – Wales, for St. David’s Day
  • March 17 – Northern Ireland for St. Patrick’s Day
  • April 23 – England for St. George’s Day
  • September 3 – Scotland for Merchant Navy Day
  • The Day of the Opening of a Session of the Houses of Parliament, Greater London
  • The Day of the Prorogation of a Session of the Houses of Parliament, Greater London